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Darwin and the Science of Evolution

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  00:52:00  2002  Color  Sound

In "On the Origin of Species", published in 1859, English naturalist Charles Darwin presented his theory of the evolution of animals through natural selection: the characteristics of species are not fixed, but vary and transform in accordance with laws of the survival of the fittest. It was a revolution. The concept of a "Creator" fell apart, and with it all notions of nature’s "divine providence". Victorian England was in uproar, dichotomized into "fors" and "againsts". Then in 1871, with The Descent of Man, Darwin included man in the animal kingdon. This recent arrival shared an ancestor with the apes, from which point he had developed and perfected his social instincts and rational processes by drawing advantages from seemingly anti-selective behaviours: education, law, solitary and altruistic conduct, and protecting the weak and the needy.

Identification
Audiovisual processPrises de vues réelles. Utilisation de documents d'archives (dessins, gravures et peintures).
Commentaire voix off. Musique originale (Xavier Desandre) et sonate n°6 de Beethoven.
PersonnalitiesDARWIN Charles
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Technical Sheet
Item No.1083
PublicTeaching ; Large audience
Original SupportDigital Beta
VersionFrench
Delivery supportBeta SP