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Superfly

The Genetics takes the huff

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  00:59:00  2002  Sound

The fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) has a reproductive cycle lasting only two weeks, which means that multiple generations of flies can be produced rapidly in the laboratory. It has thus become the most frequently used model for the study of the fundamental mechanisms of biology and genetics.
One of the pioneers of the use of drosophila was the American zoologist Thomas Hunt Morgan (1866-1945). Beginning in 1910, at Columbia University in New York, he launched a program to test Darwin's theory of evolution experimentally in the laboratory, and he selected drosophila as his research subject. He subjected the fruit flies to various procedures to modify their genes and produce mutations. This research, the first stage of what was to become the mapping of the genome, advanced quickly, and by 1914 a hundred genes had already been identified.
This historical section is supplemented by interviews with scientists who present other research being done in some major US laboratories: Eric Wieschaus (Princeton University) studies the differentiation of the cells in the embryo, Herman Dierwick (Neuroscience Institute of San Diego) seeks to understand the influence of genes on behavior, particularly aggressiveness, and Ulrike Heberlein (University of California, San Francisco) studies the effect of alcohol on fruit flies.

Identification
Audiovisual processPrises de vues réelles. Utilisation de macrocinéma, de microcinéma, d'images de synthèse et d'effets spéciaux.
Commentaire voix off et interventions en son direct (français et anglais doublé en français). Musique originale (O2).
PersonnalitiesLEVINE Mike(Univ. Californie, Berkeley); WIESCHAUS Eric(Univ. de Princeton); TULLY Tim(Laboratoire de Cold Spring Harbor); SHAW Paul(Neurosciences Institute, San Diego); GREENSPAN Ralph(Neurosciences Institute, San Diego); FERVEUR Jean-François(Développement et communication chimique, UMR CNRS-Univ. Bourgogne, Dijon); HEBERLEIN Ulrike(Univ. Californie, San Francisco); DIERWICK Herman(Neurosciences Institute, San Diego); SCANGOS George(Exelixis Incorporated, San Francisco); DUYK Geoffrey(Exelixis Incorporated, San Francisco)
Date of broadcasting03/11/2002 (Arte)
(ONLINE)
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Technical Sheet
Item No.1041
PublicLarge audience
Original SupportDigital Beta
VersionFrench
Delivery supportBeta SP
Ark Identifier